Multiple Sclerosis is typically diagnosed by an MRI scan. The MRI will show demyelinating lesions in the brain and/or the spinal cord. These lesions are known as white matter lesions or plaques. The disease can also be diagnosed by a spinal tap or lumbar puncture. The test is done in a hospital setting and the doctor removes cerebrospinal build, using a thin needle, from the low back. The cerebral spinal fluid is tested for abnormal results; oligoclonal bands which are a group of proteins that show inflammation of the central nervous system. The presence of these proteins may indicate a diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis.
You can obtain disability benefits from the Social Security Administration if you have severe symptoms from Multiple Sclerosis. The SSA looks at M.S. under the neurological listing 11.09. Listing 11.09 is as follows:
11.09 Multiple sclerosis, characterized by A or B:
A. Disorganization of motor function in two extremities, resulting in an extreme limitation in the ability to stand up from a seated position, balance while standing or walking, or use the upper extremities.
B. Marked limitation in physical functioning, and in one of the following:
- Understanding, remembering, or applying information; or
- Interacting with others; or
- Concentrating, persisting, or maintaining pace; or
- Adapting or managing oneself.